As for foreign air carriers, the operator's certificate or an equivalent document must be issued by an authorized body of the relevant foreign state and must comply with international standards, as well as international treaties recognized in Russia.
Foreign air companies may open their representative offices in the Russian territory under the law of the Russian Federation and/or international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Foreign air companies, international operating agencies, and foreign individual entrepreneurs have no right to:
■ carry out air transportation of passengers, baggage, cargo, and mail from the territory of the Russian Federation to the territory of a foreign state or vice versa, unless otherwise provided by an international treaty of the Russian Federation or a license issued in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation, e.g., a one-time permit of the Civil Aviation Administration; and
■ accept passengers, baggage, cargo, and mail for air transportation within the Russian territory or from the Russian territory without the permission of the Civil Aviation Authority issued in the manner prescribed by the Government of the Russian Federation.